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(See links page for details on local archives where this source material can be accessed)

Seventeenth century

Inquisitions Post Mortem
The Inquisition Post Mortem details the descent of families, the possession and the transfer of land from the time of Elizabeth I to that of Charles II.  It provides the name of the deceased, date of death, name and age of the heir, together with particulars as to the property.

Calendar of Irish Patent Rolls of James 1  – The patent rolls detail land granted to a person from the King including the name of the grantee and in some cases, the reason for the grant.

Ulster Plantation 1609 – List of Scottish Freeholders held by Presbyterian Historical Society

List of Undertakers 1612-13
Held in the Presbyterian Historical Society, this list provides details of Scottish Freeholders who undertook tracts of land for settlement during the Ulster Plantation.

Muster Roll 1630
An integral aspect of the plantation settlement in Ulster was defence and fortification.  As well as building fortified structures to protect the new settlements, men were required to be listed on a Muster Roll – a list of men which could be called upon, if necessary, to bear arms in defence of the settlement.   It was a pre-requisite that all Undertakers should “have ready in their houses at all times, a convenient store of Arms, wherewith they may furnish a competent number of men for their defence”. (PRONI/Presbyterian Historical Society)  A muster roll for 1641 listing those able-bodied men available for defence in light of the rebellion is also held in the Presbyterian Historical Society.

List of Outlaws 1641-7
Listing Names, Place of Residence, Title/Occupation, Date of Outlawry and Place of Outlawry of those involved in the 1641 Rising.

Civil Survey 1654
Detailing ownership/landlord in each townland and their predecessors in 1641.   It was commissioned by the Commonwealth Government and is connected to the Adventurers Act of 1642, which stated that those who either fought or contributed financially to the suppression of the 1641 Rebellion should be repaid with confiscated land (Cromwellian Confiscations), taken from those who rebelled.  Land becomes a central tenet of division and debate in the post-restoration period.

Down Survey 1654
This details ownership of land after the Cromwellian Confiscations.  It was carried out by Sir William Petty on behalf of the Commonwealth government.

Census of Ireland 1659
Also compiled by Sir William Petty, the Census includes:
Parishes, Townlands, Numbers of People Tituladoes Names: Eng. (Scotts) Irish. It gives the names of those who held title to the land and the total number of persons (English and Irish) resident in each townland, it also lists the principal Irish names in each barony and their number. According to Pender the term “Titulado” is best explained as referring to the principal person or persons of standing in any particular locality; such a person could have been of either sex, a nobleman, baronet, gentleman, esquire, military officer, or adventurer. The classification under the heading English, Scots, or Irish is not completely accurate.

The census is arranged in counties, baronies, parishes and townlands and in cities parishes and streets.

Hearth Money Rolls 1665
This contains details of householders who paid a hearth tax based on county, parish and townland.
Subsidy Roll 1669

The Irish Parliament during the 1660s, as a contribution towards the solution of the financial problems of Charles II, especially for the maintenance of the army in Ireland, voted for a series of subsidies.  These duplicate lists and gross amounts are known as the Subsidy Rolls.

King James II’s Irish Army List 1689
Lists detailing who served in King James’ jacobite forces.

Outlawry Lists 1691
Details those who supported James II during Williamite/Jacobite conflict.  Juries in a number of counties returned bills of indictment for high treason against more than two thousand individuals. Most of these persons were outlawed.

Eighteenth Century Sources

Voters, Poll and Freeholders’ Record
Names and addresses of those entitled to vote or who had voted at an election.  Pre-1840 freeholder records are available online via PRONI.

1740 Census of Protestant Householders
Much of these records were destroyed in the fire at the Public Records Office in 1922.  The remaining records are held at PRONI.

1766 Religious Census
Also destroyed by the fire at the Public Records Office but some gathered by antiquarian, Tenison Groves remain available through PRONI.

Flaxgrowers’ List. 1796
In 1796 the government provided a free spinning wheel or loom to farmers who agreed to plant a certain amount of their acreage with flax. This list contains over 56.000 names and is also held in PRONI.

Church Records
Records of over 250 churches in Northern Ireland and in Counties Cavan, Monaghan and Donegal.

Militia, Volunteers and Yeomanry Records
Lists of local militia, usually from poorer classes, which was raised in threat of foreign invasion. Contains lists of Protestant able-bodied men between the ages of 16 and 60 in their area.

Volunteers
Lists of Volunteers. The Volunteers appeared in 1778 to defend Ireland from a potential French invasion when regular British soldiers were withdrawn to fight in America during the American War of Independence.  For a period, Ireland’s defence and maintenance of law was solely in their hands.  They later became involved in political affairs and were outlawed in 1792.

PRONI also contains records for the Presbyterian Historical Society, the Methodist Historical Society and other records pertaining to births, deaths and marriages in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.